|DATE of INDEPENDENCE||March 6 1957|
|STRUCTURE of PARLIAMENT||Unicameral|
|8th Parliament of the Fourth Republic|
|TERM||Four (4) years 2021 – 2024|
|BRIEF HISTORY||In 1850, Ghana, then The Gold Coast, was given its own Legislative Council to advise the colonial Governor in enacting legislation mainly in the form of Ordinances “for the peace, order and good government of the subject.” The Legislative Council was purely advisory as the Governor exercised all legislative and executive powers. The Legislative Council consisted of the Governor and at least two other person appointed by the colonial administration. The Legislative Council was required to make laws and ordinances necessary for the peace, order and governance of the Gold Coast. The legislature at the time was merely an advisory body and had no oversight power over the colonial government. Various agitations against the colonial authorities for equal representation and universal suffrage led to the transformation of the non-elected legislature into an elected Legislative Assembly in 1954.
After gaining independence in March 1957, Ghana saw four Parliaments under four different Republics (i.e. First Republican Constitution of 1960, the Second Republican Constitution of 1969, the Third Republican Constitution of 1981 and the Fourth Republican Constitution of 1992). The incessant interventions of the military in politics truncated the terms of the first three Parliaments in 1966, 1972 and 1981. The democratic instability that was witnessed over the period ensured that Parliament was an unstable governance institution until 1993, when democracy was finally restored under the Fourth Republic.
|NUMBER OF MPs
New Patriotic Party (NPP) 137
National Democratic Congress (NDC) 137
|GENDER REPRESENTATION||Male 235
|LEADERSHIP of PARLIAMENT
|Speaker of Parliament Rt. Hon. Alban Sumana Kingsford Bagbin
First Deputy Speaker Hon. Joseph Osei- OwusuSecond Deputy Speaker Hon. Andrew Asiamah Amoako
Majority Leader Hon. Osei Kyei-Mensah-Bonsu
Majority Chief Whip Hon. Frank Annoh-Dompreh
Second Deputy Majority Whip Hon. Habib Iddrisu
Second Deputy Minority Whip Hon. Comfort Doyoe Cudjoe
|SITTINGS of PARLIAMENT||Parliament Sits for 28 weeks and goes on recess for 24 week within a session.
1st Meeting: January to March
2nd Meeting: May to July
3rd Meeting: October to December
|Standing Committees 14
Select Committees 16
Ad hoc Committees 1